He is Professor of the Achille and Giulia Boroli Chair in European Studies at Bocconi University, having previously taught at the London School of Economics and the University of Bologna. He is co-Director of the Research Unit on Globalization and Industry Dynamics of the Bocconi Centre for Applied Research on International Markets, Banking, Finance and Regulation (BAFFI CAREFIN), having previously directed the Trade Programme of the Centre of Economic Performance in London. He received his BA in Economics at Bocconi University, his MSc in Economics at the London School of Economics and Political Science, and his PhD in Economics at the Université Catholique de Louvain. He has advised the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the European Central Bank, the European Commission, the European Investment Bank, the Finnish government and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). He is the co-author of many works in international trade, urban economics and economic geography. Some have been reported in prominent international newspapers and magazines, including Business Week, Economist, Financial Times, New York Times, Newsweek, New Yorker and Sole24Ore. One of his works was cited in the Scientific Background motivating the 2008 Nobel Prize in Economics to Paul Krugman. He is the holder of one of the Advanced Grants of the European Research Council (ERC), which award long-term funding to established, leading researchers to pursue ground-breaking, high-risk research projects.